Preventing Corruption and the Misuse of Public Office: How can law teacher assist in fighting the scourge of corruption in the Commonwealth and other Common law countries
Paper presented at the 2013 CLEA Conference in Durban
Indian Law Institute
The word corruption means differently for the different people. Section 7 of the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 defines corruption as, “Whoever being or expecting to be a public servant, accepts or obtains, or agrees to accept, or attempts to obtain gratification whatever, other than legal remuneration as a motive or a reward or for bearing to do any official act or for showing or for bearing to show, in the exercise of his official functions favour or disfavour to any person with the Central or State Government or Parliament or Legislature of any State or with any public servant as such.”
Corruption is a world-wide phenomenon. It is like cancer in public life, which has not become so rampant and perpetuated overnight, but in course of time. A person who is indulged in the corruption is termed immoral, dishonest and unrealisable in his conduct and behaviour. His disregard for honesty, integrity and truth results in his alienation from society. Corruption starts at the top and infract to the whole society. It is not confined to the towns alone. It is as widespread in the villages where the dishonest officials and the traders carry the germs of the disease.
So far as the corruption in public life is concerned, it covers corruption in politics life, social life, state governments, central governments, business, industry etc. Most effected areas of the corruption are the all government offices. If anybody who does not pay for the works there are chances that is work may not be done. Root cause of the corruption is the greed of the people. Money power, mussel power and mafia power are the some of the modes of the corruption.
There is hardly any area in which charges of corruption are not there. Even the judiciary that is looked into great expectation by the common people is not able to maintain its clean image among the people. Right from the appointment to the disposal of cases there are allegation of corruption.
Now here comes the role of the law teachers in eradicating the problem of corruption. In fact law teachers are associated with the section of the students who own more responsibility in the over all development of the society. They can promote the moral value among the students that is important for the development of the personality of the individual. Through students law teachers can reach to the common man who are motivating corruption in the day-to-day life. It is the common people who support the corruption not by way of choice but by way of compulsion.